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The Department of Anatomy

Wersja do wydruku

Zdjęcie budynku Katedry Anatomii CM UJThe Department of Anatomy is thought to have been founded in 1602, with generous funding provided by Jan Zemelka. One must realize however, that the Department really began to function only 13 years later, in 1615, when Maciej Woleński took over as director. From the beginning of its existence, the Department of Anatomy has been associated with the oldest Polish University - Jagiellonian University.
It is hard to truly know where the practical exercises in anatomy took place, since very few historical sources remain about the subject and since they are dubious at best. It is known, however, that anatomy was initially taught together with physiology and general medicine. As one examines the history of the Department of Anatomy, one finds that it often lacked adequate staff, or the appropriate enrollment of students. Many times the Department lacked a place to carry out the teaching exercises, dissections and lectures.
From around the year 1780, lectures in anatomy took place at the Collegium of Saint Barbara Hospital, found on Mały Rynek. It is during this time that dissections began to be carried out on human cadavers, replacing animal specimens. The year 1780 is also important since it is the year of the founding of the Anatomy Museum, which had been known up to that point as the Anatomy Clinic. In the forthcoming years, the anatomy exercises were moved to Collegium Physicum at the corner of Św. Anny and Jagiellońska streets. In 1868, after the founding of the Department of Physiology, the subject of Anatomy began being taught on its own.

The current building housing the Department of Descriptive Anatomy located on ul. Kopernika 12 was built between 1869 and 1872. The building project was created by Ludwik Teichmann, originally as a single level building with a lecture hall accommodating 200 people, display rooms, and rooms for professors and assistants. From this time on, the front of the building has been adorned by the sign: „THEATRUM ANATOMICUM”.

During WWII study of anatomy was carried out in secrecy, with a closed prosektorium and without access to cadavers. In 1945, exercises resumed in a provisional prosektorium, temporarily housed in the lecture hall of the Department of Anatomy. The time after WWII is also the time of expansion: an extra level was added to the building housing the Department, along with central heating and the instalation of appropriate lighting. The renovated and updated Department of Anatomy was handed over for use in 1956. The last few recent years have seen the Department of Anatomy undergo further general renovations. While the way in which anatomy is taught has been updated with the introduction of computers and other teaching aids, the tradition of hundreds of years of teaching remains alive and well in the Department of Anatomy.

* Maciej Wojeński (? - 1648). Finished his studies in Medicine in Krakow, obtained two doctorates: philosophy (1609) and medicine (1613); carried out the duties of Rector of UJ three times.

* Piotr Mucharski (1589-1666). Studied medicine in Krakow and Italy; obtained his diploma in medicine from Padua in 1619.

* Gabriel Ochocki (? - 1673). Obtained his degrees in philosophy between 1620 and 1622; he received his Baccalaurate of Medicine degree in 1628 and his diploma as a doctor of medicine in 1629; was the Rector of UJ four times.

* Jacek Łopacki (1620-1702). Obtained his degrees in philosophy between 1640 and 1642; studied in Padua where he obtained his degree of doctor of medicine.

* Jan Zajączkowicz (? - 1717). Studied philosophy in Krakow and medicine abroad.

* Stanisław Wadowski (1712-1769). Studied philosophy in Krakow and medicine in Rome; obtained his degrees in philosophy between 1731 and 1732; obtained his doctorate of medicine in 1750.

Jan Camelin (? - 1774). Studied philosophy and medicine in Krakow; obtained his Master degree in philosophy and doctor of medicine in 1744.

* Andrzej Badurski (1749-1789). Studied medicine in Bologne,after receiving his doctorate returned to Krakow, where he brought attention to the establishing of a dissection room and anatomical museum.

* Rafał Czerwiakowski (1743-1816). Studied medicine in Rome, obtaining his doctorate in medicine in 1775. In 1779 he became a professor of anatomy, surgery, and obstetrics. Introduced autopsy and dissections to the anatomy curriculum, undertook the development of the anatomy cabinet.
* Wincenty Szaster (1757-1816). Studied abroad obtaining his doctorate from Bologne in 1778. He lived in Paris until his return, at which point he was bestowed with the title of professor of anatomy and physiology in 1782. He continued working on the collections of the anatomy museum, amongst other things injecting vessels, conserving cadavers in alcohol and macerating bones.

* Alojzy Vetter (1756-1806). Studied in Vienna.

* Jan Stummer (1784-1845). Studied medicine in Krakow, obtaining his doctorate in 1808.

* Józef Kozłowski (? - 1856). Studied medicine in Krakow, obtained his doctorate in 1813.

* Antoni Kozubowski (1805-1880). Studied medicine in Warsaw, Krakow, Wroclaw, Dresden, Munich, Wurzburg. Obtained his doctorate in 1833. He was tremendously dedicated to the expansion of the anatomy museum.

* Ludwik Teichmann (1823-1895). Finished his studies in medicine in 1855 in Göttingen. Obtained the degree of doctor of medicine, surgery and obstetrics. His studies focused on the lymphatic system and the betterment of the anatomical preservation techniques. (maceracja, korozja, konserwacja mózgów, masa kitowa) as well as a method for detecting hematoidin crystals in the blood. Served as the Dean of Medicine, Vice-executive of the "Akademia Umiejętności", Director of the Department of Mathematics & Ecology, led the Anthropology Section, and also served as the Rector of UJ.

* Kazimierz Kostanecki (1863-1940). Finished his medical studies in Berlin in 1890, obtaining a doctorate in medicine and stugery at that time. Was appointed professor in 1894. Studied and was fascinated by embryology and such topics as the development cycle, parthogenesis, and organogenesis. Organized and developed two workshops at the Department of Anatomy: neurology and developmental embryology. He broadened the scope of anatomical curriculum by introducing the study of embryology and comparative anatomy, as well as by introducing seminars. Was Dean of Medicine (1897/1898), Vice-Dean (1906), and Rector (1913-1916) amongst many other titles he held. Was bestowed with the title of doctor honoris causa in Krakow, Vilno, Geneva and Padua.

* Zygmunt Szantroch (1894-1940). Finished his medical studies in 1928, obtaining the title of medical doctor, was appointed extraordinary professor in 1936. His studies focused mainly on the autonomic nervous system, as well as the content and distribution of lipid tissue in the human body. Also studied teratology, developed and perfected methods for microscopical analysis and anatomical preparations.

* Tadeusz Rogalski (1881-1957). Studied medicine between the years 1901 and 1908. Obtained the titled of doctor habilitatus in 1925. In 1936 he was appointed extraordinary professor of anatomy. His work focused mainly on the nervous system as well as applied anatomy. He undertook the expansion of the Anatomy Department, as well as writing a textbook for students. Served as the first Rector of the Medical Academy.

* Janina Sokołowska – Pituchowa (ur. 1915). Obtained her medical dyploma in 1939 in Lwow and her doctorate of medical studies in 1946. Obtained her degree of doctor habilitatus in 1960 and was appointed extraordinary professor in 1967 (appointed ordinary professor in 1974). Her studies focused mainly on organogenesis (both normal and pathological), angiology, and the history of medicine. Modernized the syllabus of studies focusing on clinical issues. Wrote study aids for students and took an active role in the modernization of medical studies, including the program of studies for the first years of study. Was Vice-Dean from 1962 to 1968.

* Tadeusz Radecki (?-2005). Prof. dr hab. Tadeusz Radecki - Director of the Biology-Morphology Institute (Instytutu Biologiczno-Morfologicznego) between 1989-1992, director of the Descriptive and Topographic Anatomy Department between 1986 and 1992, longtime collaborater at the Institute of Physiology (Instytutu Fizjologii Wydziału Lekarskiego Akademii Medycznej w Krakowie). Author of study aids and didactic programs in the field of physiology taking an active part in post-graduate education. Author of numerous scientific publications, both in Polish and foreign physiological and gastroenterological journals. He was a member and vice-director of the Krakow section of the Polish Physiologist Association (Krakowskiego Oddziału Polskiego Towarzystwa Fizjologicznego).

* Andrzej Skawina (1934-2002). Obtained his diploma of Medical Doctor from Krakow in 1959. In 1978 he obtained the title of Doctor of Medical Studies, and in 1992 doctor habilitatus. He became professor of medical studies in 2000, focusing his studies mainly on angiology, myology, and osteology. Amongst other things, spearheaded the renovation of the anatomical museum and lecture hall, equipping the department in the latest teaching aids while also writing study aids for students.

* 2002 - p.o. Janusz Gorczyca ( born 1949)

* 2002-2008 - Wojciech Nowak (born1949) - Between 1968 and 1974 studied medicine at the Mikolaj Kopernicus Medical Academy in Krakow, receiving a diploma of medical doctor. He went on to obtain a specialization in general surgery of the first degree in 1977 and a second degree specialization in 1984. An adjunct of the 1st Department of General Surgery CMUJ (I Katedry Chirurgii Ogólnej UJ CM), specialist in clinical transplantology, Vice-dean, and then Dean of Medicine, Pro-rector of CMUJ, member of numerous scientific societies both Polish and foreign, director of the Department of Anatomy CMUJ between 2002-2008. Dedicated much of himself to the modernization and renovation of the Department of Anatomy building, the introduction and use of multimedia as teaching aids, and integrating both clinical and theoretical approaches to teaching Anatomy. Received much success in the "Scapula Aurea" anatomy competition for student. Supervised the doctorate degree completion in Anatomy of Dr. K. Kulka and the habilitation of Dr. Hab. J Walocha. During his time five other doctorate degree candidates undertook their studies.

* od 2009 Jerzy Walocha (born 1966 )
  1. 1602 r. założenie Katedry – brak kierownika
  2. 1615 r. Maciej Wojeński
  3. 1650 r. Piotr Mucharski
  4.  ...    r. Gabriel Ochocki
  5. 1658 r. Jacek Łopacki
  6. 1703 r. Jan Zajączkowicz
  7. 1750 r. Stanisław Wadowski
  8. 1761 r. Jan Camelin
  9. 1770 r. Andrzej Badurski
10. 1779 r. Rafał Czerwiakowski
11. 1782 r. Wincenty Szaster
12. 1803 r. Alojzy Vetter
13. 1806 r. Innocenty Neumann
14. 1809 r. Jan Stummer
15. 1817 r. Józef Kozłowski
16. 1835 r. Antoni Kozubowski
17. 1868 - 1894 r. Ludwik Teichmann
18. 1894 - 1935 r. Kazimierz Kostanecki
19. 1935 - 1939 r. Zygmunt Szantroch
20. 1939 - 1945 r. okres wojny
21. 1945 - 1957 r. Tadeusz Rogalski
22. 1958 - 1961 r. brak kierownika
23. p.o. Jan Kuś r. kurator Marian Wilczek
24. 1961 - 1985 r. Janina Sokołowska - Pituchowa
25. 1985 - 1992 r. Tadeusz Radecki
26. 1992 - 2002 r. Andrzej Skawina
27. 2002 - p.o. Janusz Gorczyca
28. 2002 - 2008 r. Wojciech Nowak
29. (2009 -) Jerzy Walocha